Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or other structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.
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The evolution of architecture was encouraged by the scientific development of mankind and thankfully to the new materials each period was more elaborate, more daring and more innovative than the preceding one. Today, everything seems possible in architecture, as huge bridges, buildings of glass and steel resistant to earthquakes and other wonders of contemporary architecture keep rising throughout the world.
- Angkor Wat – Cambodia
At first Hindu, then Buddhist, Angkor Wat was the most mysterious temple and the largest religious complex in the world. It was built in the 12th century by the Khmer King Suryavarman, intended to be the state temple and then his mausoleum. After Hinduist traditions were abandoned, Angkor Wat was dedicated to the Buddhist deity Vishnu. The complex is the symbol of Cambodia and it found its place on the Cambodian national flag. Vast and impressive, this brilliant example of Khmer architecture is captivating in its beauty and strong in its traditional structure.
- Petronas Towers Kuala Lumpur
These twin towers were the tallest buildings in the world in the period from 1998 to 2004, and still are the tallest twin buildings in the world. Their complex and super-modern design initiated the construction of the post-modern Kuala Lumpur.
- Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
There was no better choice for the contemporary art museum architect, but the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao designer – the amazing Frank Gehry. The building is the fantastic creation, covered in shiny sheets of metal, transferring the visitor into another dimension. The museum was inaugurated in 1997.
- Flatiron Building
A groundbreaking triangular solution of early modern architecture. The Flatiron Building was designed by Daniel Burnham and completed in 1902. This New York landmark was the tallest building in the world at the time it was completed.
- Kauffman Residence or Falling-water
One of the most admired buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright was built in 1935, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The modern house is set above a natural waterfall, fusing the artificial and the natural in perfect harmony. Falling-water was proclaimed “best all-time work of American architecture” by the American Institute of Architects in 1991.
Moscow Kremlin is a large fortified complex set in the bosom of Moscow. It was built in 15th century and the fortress spans over almost 28 hectares of land, with its impressive red walls, towers and buildings. It’s the seat of Russian government.
- Hagia Sophia Istanbul
A monumental church, then mosque and today a museum. It’s a singular testimony to the grandeur and the genius of Byzantine architecture. It was built in 6th century AD, during the reign of Emperor Justinian.
- Saint Peter’s Basilica – Vatican, Rome, Italy
Probably the most famous Catholic church in the world, Saint Peter’s in Rome was designed by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gianlorenzo Bernini, respectively, with smaller additions by other prominent architects. It’s an elaborate basilica, and the most revered building of Renaissance architecture.
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